No till gardening is an agricultural method for growing plants directly on the ground without disturbing the underlying soil through traditional tillage. This method is suitable for cropping most of the year around and is very effective in conventional cropping systems where the crop is sown just before the rainy season, planted in rows or vine clumps, and later harvested when the ground is warm. No-till gardening minimizes the amount of soil runoff due to tillage, hence reducing the amount of soil erosion. No-till gardening also helps conserve water and nutrients, aids in weed control, and creates a healthy environment for the crop. It also enhances soil fertility by conserving moisture, heat, and sunlight.
Traditional till gardening uses synthetic fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides to control pests and improve crop production. This increases soil salinity, causes nutrient deficiencies, and results in harmful side effects to humans, the environment, animals, and crops. In some areas, chemical pesticides and herbicides are used to control weeds. These chemicals Leach into water sources, groundwater, and air, and can harm the soil in the long run.
No Till gardening minimizes this risk and allows organic gardeners to plant anything they like in their garden as the cover crops do not need to be replanted each year. Planting grass instead of seeds is also an option for some organic gardeners. Cover crops such as alfalfa and clover have more moisture retention than traditional grasses.
Since there is no tillage involved, it is less expensive to implement. No tillage equipment and soil combines are also less expensive. If there is a problem with the soil due to adverse conditions or other factors such as hillsides, slopes, or clay soils, the tiller can be used to level the soil. Beds that were not planted properly can be dug up and tilled. This leaves a smooth surface.
No till gardening relies heavily on the use of a tiller. A rotating drum or spade is used to till the area. The rotation ensures that the plants will grow evenly and the seeds will be planted at the proper time and place. It also ensures that the garden bed has good drainage. Healthy soil is the key to a successful garden.
The method of tillage is very effective in controlling weeds because it eliminates all of the topsoil. Soil that is tilled does not provide a place for weeds to grow, hence reducing the need for harsh weed killers. It also reduces the number of weeds that would otherwise be planted in the garden bed. Organic gardeners will see the benefits of using tillage in no time at all.